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# A Biography of Carl Friedrich Gauss the Mathematician

Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and scientist who dominated the mathematical community during and after his lifetime His outstanding work includes the discovery of the method of least squares the discovery of non-Euclidean geometry and important contributions to the theory of numbers Born in Brunswick Germany on April 30 1777 Johann Friedrich Carl Gauss showed early and unmistakable signs of being an extraordinary youth As a child prodigy he was self taught in the fields of reading and arithmetic Recognizing his talent his youthful studies were accelerated by the Duke of Brunswick in 1792 when he was provided with a stipend to allow him to pursue his education In 1795 he continued his mathematical studies at the University of Gttingen In 1799 he obtained his doctorate in absentia from the University of Helmstedt for providing the first reasonably complete proof of what is now called the fundamental theorem of algebra He stated that Any polynomial with real coefficients can be factored into the product of real linear andor real quadratic factors At the age of 24 he published Disquisitiones arithmeticae in which he formulated systematic and widely influential concepts and methods of number theory -- dealing with the relationships and properties of integers This book set the pattern for many future research and won Gauss major recognition among mathematicians Using number theory Gauss proposed an algebraic solution to the geometric problem of creating a polygon of n sides Gauss proved the possibility by constructing a regular 17 sided polygon into a circle using only a straight edge and compass Barely 30 years old already having made landmark discoveries in geometry algebra and number theory Gauss was appointed director of the Observatory at Gttingen In 1801 Gauss turned his attention to astronomy and applied his computational skills to develop a technique for calculating orbital components for celestial bodies including the asteroid Ceres

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