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A Brief Comment on the QueryIs Socrates Guilty As ChargedHistory of Political Thought 47230 B Mini-Essay for Discussion Group 3 In any case of law when one is considering truth and justice one mustfirst look at the validity of the court and of the entity of authority itself In Socratescase the situation is no different One may be said to be guilty or not of any saidcrime but the true measure of guilt or innocence is only as valid as the court structureto which it is subject to Therefore in considering whether Socrates is guilty or notwe must keep in mind the societal norms and standards of Athens at the time and thelegitimacy of his accusers and the validity of the crimes that he allegedly committedHaving said this we must first look at the affidavit of the trial what exactly Socrateswas being accused with Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome by investigatingthe things under the earth and the heavenly things and by makingthe weaker speech the stronger and by teaching others these same things1 In breaking this charge down we see that it is two-foldFirstly Socrates is charges with impiety a person who does not believe in the state godsof Athens and not only that but by its literal meaning does not believe in theauthority of gods at all To this Socrates seems baffled He states that the reasonbehind the criminal meddling the questioning of peoples wisdom was commissioned tohim by the gods through the Oracle of Delphi As Socrates said but when godstationed me as I supposed and assumed ordering me to live philosophizing and examiningmyself and othersthat my whole care is to commit no unjust or impious deed2Heeven seems to win a victory over one of his accusers Meletus in questioning this pointAs Socrates points out it is impossible for him to be both atheistic and to believe indemons or false gods for if he believes in the latter then that would contradict
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