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Word Count: 311
On June 7th 1892 Homer Plessy a shoemaker from New Orleans Louisiana boarded an East Louisiana railroad car designated white passangers only Plessy was seven-eighths Caucasian with only one out of eight grandparents not of the white race Despite the majority of Plessy race being Caucasian under Louisiana law he was still considered a colored man Having already bought a ticket for where he was seated in Plessy refused to move and in turn was arrested for remaining in a compartment of a coach by race he did not belong to wit a compartment in said coach assigned to passengers of the white race This small act was not only one of the first sit-ins in US history but more importantly was the basis for the 1986 Supreme Court Case of Plessy V Ferguson that was to followPrior to Plessys stand against segregation African Americans in the south had no way of challenging their racial boundaries By 1980 only 8 northern states including Massachusetts Pennsylvania Rhode Island and New York had all adopted laws that prohibited racial discrimination in public facilities Though segregation could still be found in the North it was more on the basis of default African Americans had established and preferred to live within the communities in which they were the majority At the same time the south was plagued with disunion segregating not only railways but all areas of social life political Separate Car Act The Separate Car Act of 1890 which provided under law that equal but separate accommodations be made for White and African American passengers Was challenged by the Plessy v Ferguson case under the argument that it violated both the thirteenth and fourteenth amendmentslegalFurgusonLow courts opinion Wormser Richard The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow Jim Crow Stories Plessy v Ferguson PBS PBS PBS 2002 Web 28 Feb 2013
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