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Word Count: 511
Throughout history there have been several methods to attempt to control substance abuse Alcohol is one drug that the government has attempted to regulate throughout history In some ways it has decreased its use and in others increased it Alcohol use has been dated back to ancient times At least 6000 years ago The oldest reference alcohol was found on stone tablets in Iraq and Iran The oldest attempt to control alcohol dates back to the Babylonian code of Hammurabi in 1770 BC It set standards for tavern owners and regulated measurements of drinks Another early attempt to regulate alcohol use dates back to 2200 BC in China when Emperor Yu placed a tax on wine This may have regulated consumption for the poorer people but the rich people kept drinking as often as they pleased In the middle ages many Islamic countries banned the use of alcohol This was somewhat successful however Muslims used alternatives such as opium coffee tobacco and hashish Another drug Khat a stimulant was used as a substitute It was used to help people stay awake during long prayer sessions This helped to regulate alcohol use but many turned to other drugs instead During the Renaissance period drunkenness led to most laws limiting alcohol use Some of our current laws started to take effect in this time period Switzerland and England passed laws about how late bars could remain open In the 15th Century sale on religious days was banned in Scotland and Germany These laws were more aimed at regulating than prohibiting Alcohol was still used to cure ailments so therefore it could not be totally outlawed During the London Gin Epidemic gin production increased thirty-eight times from 1684 to 1742 In 1742 distillation was banned and the production dropped from 19 million gallons to only 4 million gallons Taxes and sales regulations helped control its use In 1785 Dr Benjamin Rush began
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