scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,815
The History of the Media From Monastery to Profitability From the beginning of printing in the Western world around 1450 publishing rapidly expanded from monasteries to stationers who produced and sold hand-copied books in limited quantities Since Europes stationers and printers had increasing commercial incentives to publish and sell books they sought more titles and distribution channels As businesses developed a pro t motive for expanding the ranks of the reading public the new print media left the limited distribution of early manuscripts behind and began reaching for larger audiences Starting in 1517 the religious conflict fomented by the Protestant Reformation helped the printers cause Reformation leaders relied on the printing press to promulgate their theology becoming perhaps the reform movement in history to use print to promote its cause The Counter-Reformation starting around 1570 also used print to persuade its followers Protestants encouraged Bible reading which helped foster literacy This accelerated in the 1600s when Germanys Petist movement and Englands Puritans promoted daily Bible study Traders on early commercial routes carried written messages as well as cargo And by the late-1400s private postal networks linked much of Europe aided by state postal systems in France from the late 1400s and England from 1516 These systems extended service to individuals to recoup costs and monitor private communications By 1600 these postal links helped create news networks with correspondents who provided economic and political news This gave rise to commercial newsletters which printed commodity prices and exchange rates as early as the late 1500s The rst public news compendium appeared weekly in Austria in the early 1600s By 1620 seven major European cities had weekly newspapers Although newspapers were banned in England until 1636 their development accelerated as the English revolution brewed As of 1712 some 20 weekly papers were being published in London The European expansion of the discussion of news and opinion set the stage for events in America By the Revolution
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA