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Part 1 Music of the Late Baroque 1700-1750 Italian opera was composed all over Europe Metastasio was a famous librettist who supplied Italian opera stories to composers of the late baroque and classic periodsTwo of Handels best-known Italian operas are Giulio Cesare and RodelindaThe Italian city to the south of Rome that became the trend-setting center of opera was Naples Two famous composers that worked there were Leonardo Vinci and Leonardo LeoWhen Handel came to Italy he worked primarily in the city of RomeA choral work from his Italian period was his Dixit Dominus The Dixit as well as the Magnificat belonged to the liturgical service known as the Roman Catholic and Anglican Vesper ServicesHandels best known oratorio in English is The Messiah Two of his other oratorios with English texts are Judas Maccabaeus and Israel in EgyptHandel also wrote instrumental music in the Italian style notably two sets of concerti grossi Another composer an Italian who wrote many concerti grossi in England and also reworked music by Corelli to add to his repertoire was Vivaldi Londons Royal Academy of Music was not a music school The purpose of the society was to firmly establish Italian opera in London II Like Bach and Telemann in Germany Vivaldi was in charge of music at a church school Vivaldis school was called the Pio Ospedale della Pieta He wrote concertos for so many different instruments because of the variety of talents represented among the student body JS Bach transcribed some of these works for himself to play at the harpsichord However Vivaldis best known set of concerti is for violin and is called La Stravaganza Vivaldi also wrote quite a bit of church music Vivaldis better known choral compositions include the Magnificat Gloria and Vespers III When reading about Johann Sebastian Bach we frequently hear about Erdmann Neumeister In addition to influencing Bach Neumeister was also much admired by Telemann Erdmann composed
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