scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 546
Very little is known about the origin of magic squares Next to nothing is known about the movement of the idea of a magic square before about 1300 AD Three cultures are known to have created magic squares the Chinese the Indian and the Arabic In each culture they were viewed as having supernatural properties The first magic square in history was created in China by an unknown mathematician sometime before the first century AD Called the Lo Shu square it is a magic square of 3 that was said to have appeared on the back of a turtle that came up out of the river Lo Shu supposedly means river map and the story of the appearance of the turtle had to do with a sacrifice to the river god httpfreespacevirginnetmarkfarrar1msqhst01htm In 80 AD Ta Tai Li Chi gives the first clear reference to a magic square In 570 AD Shuzun gives an actual description of a magic square of 3 Not until 1275 do we hear of the Chinese making squares of order larger than 3 We find the first magic square of 4 in the first century in India by a mathematician named Nagarajuna India is the birthplace of much superior mathematics and was advanced in many areas of combinatorics at an early date httpfreespacevirginnetmarkfarrar1msqhst01htm The next known date in the Indian development is an 11th or 12th century Jaina inscription that includes a magic square of 4 This particular magic square of 4 has unusual properties not found in other magic squares before that time The whole class of squares having these properties is called Jaina squares The first magic squares of 5 and 6 appear in an encyclopedia in Baghdad about 983 AD by Ikhwn al-Saf Rasil httpfreespacevirginnetmarkfarrar1msfmsq01htm though several earlier Arab mathematicians also wrote about magic squares How it came to pass that the Arabs acquired knowledge of magic squares is unknown It is not known if they invented
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA