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Brief Insight IRA Terrorist or freedomfighters The IRA Irish Republican Army is an unofficial paramilitary nationalist organisation whose purpose is to make British rule in Ireland ineffective by the use of armed force and to assist achieving an independent republic the entire island by the unification of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland This objective is pursued on a military level by the IRA and on the political level by the nationalist party Sinn Fein Ourselves Alone These two organisations function independently However their members overlap each other so that membership in the former does not exclude membership in the other and vice versa Throughout this essay terrorism will be defined as a systematic use of or threat of physical or mental violence against government publics or individuals to obtain political objectives without foundation in legally accepted and publicly known courts of law The definition of freedom fighters used will be a group or person fighting for independence and freedom with a supportive majority of the people it is fighting for The purpose of this essay is to try to give a possible interpretation of the IRA and what it is The history of republican violence reaches back as far as the 18th century and in the late 19th century republic groups killed the secretary of state for Ireland and began to dynamite army barracks and public offices in England The IRA evolved in 1919 as a successor to Irish Volunteers founded in 1913 In the 70s IRA was divided into the official wing working for a united Ireland in a revolutionary socialist republic and the provisional wing the ProvosPIRA consisting of younger overtly sectarian Catholic members committing to the use of terror tactics to force British troops out of Northern Ireland to form a unified Ireland Their enthusiasm is drawn from a number of historical rebellions most importantly the Easter Rising in 1916 The Republicans have
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