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COLORADO RIVER PROJECT 1 The current problem is that a 1922 compact for dividing the Colorado River assumed it would flow nearly 17 million acre-feet per yearto be divided between 7 states 20 million people and 2 million acres of farmland Currently the Colorado is flowing at only 9 million acre-feet per year And 15 million acre-feet are for Mexico every year The upper basin states Colorado New Mexico Wyoming and Utah believe that the lower basin states get too much of the water The lower basin states California Arizona and Nevada point out that have more people more industry economy and more farmlandin short they have more to offer the country and thus deserve all the water they can get And remember there is much less water to go around than there was in 1922 2 The current solution involves giving the upper basin states 75 million acre-feet of water per year The lower basin states were to receive the same according to the 1922 Colorado River Compact also called the Seven Party Agreement but in 1963 the US Supreme Court ruled California would receive 44 million acre-feet per year Arizona 28 million and Nevada 300000 per year An acre-foot is the amount of water needed to cover one acre of land with water 12 inches 1 foot deep or about 325000 gallons It also can sustain a family of 3-5 for one year The 1922 law also detailed how California the Western giant in all areas would use its water The Pala Verde Yuma Project Reservation Imperial Valley Irrigation District and Coachellea Valley Water District are allocated 385 million acre-feet per year while the Metropolitan Water District for the LA area gets 13 million acre-feet per year In return for such a relatively low rate the Metropolitan is allowed to run Lake Mead reservoir which holds 5 million acre-feet 3 There are essentially four groups to consider in
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