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The Summa Theologica by Thomas Aquinas Born in Italy Thomas Aquinas was one of the most educated men of his time Aquinas whose family were noble was educated as a monk and later continued his education at the University of Naples followed by the University of Paris where he studied the ancient Greek thought of Aristotle Educated in both philosophy and theologyAquinas is thought to be one of the most important philosophers of Catholicism One ofAquinass most influential writings is the Summa Theologica In this document Aquinas clarifies four questions concerning the Church Whether it can be demonstrated t Godexist Whether it is always sinfuhatl to wage war Whether it is lawful for Clerics and Bishops to fight And whether it is lawful to fight on holy days He answers each question thoroughly but indecisively however when he answers the second question it seems his conclusion have been manipulated in ways that can benefit the church without making them look double sided with their teachings The second question is Whether it is always sinful to wage war In this question Aquinas states in his objection 1 It would seem that it is always sinful to wage war because punishment is not inflicted except for sin Now those who wage war are threatened by our Lord with punishment therefore all wars are unlawful 172 However he justifies the act of war by giving three necessities The first he mentions is only an authority of the sovereign can order a war to be waged This reply in itself is a contradiction to the quotation above in the way that he states that wars are justified if you have power and authority He first states that all wars are sinful but if it is justified it is not a sin however I feel that just because one has authority over
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