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PHYSICAL Relief Ethiopia consists mainly of Desert and Mountains Many valleys and plateaus also can be found in the country Due to these landform types the percentage of farm land is approximately 57 of the total amount of land in Ethiopia The amount of arable land is 10 of the 57 total Ethiopia has an area of 1 221 900 sq km Ethiopia does not receive any problems such as volcanism tidal waves etc but it does receive great winds and monsoons It is located in Eastern Africa neighboured by Sudan NW KenyaS and SomaliaSE Elevations can be seen on figure 1 and the physical features of Ethiopia on figure 2 Climate The Climate in Ethiopia is of three different climatic zones These being the cool or dega zone consisting of the central parts of the western and eastern sections of the high plateaus and the area around Harar with terrains roughly above 7 900 ft in elevation The second zone is the temperate or weina dega zone comprising portions of the high plateau between 4 900 and 7 900 ft The final area being the hot or kolla zone encompassing an area with an altitude less than 5 000 ft The cool zones temperatures and precipitation can be seen on figure 3 The temperate zones temperatures range from 156C to 294C The temperature in the hot zone of the lowlands can reach temperatures as high as 60C There are two distinct seasons in Ethiopia the rainy season or kremt lasting from mid-June to mid-semptember the other is the Dry season or bega lasting from mid-September to mid-June In April and May there is slight transition period The greatest amount of precipitation is found in the southwest areas near gore They receive approx 104 in a year The littlest amount of precipitation is found in the Great Rift Valley receiving less than 4 inches per year the average annual precipitation in the central
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