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The Rabinnovich article titled Seven Wars and a Peace Treatygives a chronological background of wars made between Arabs and Israelis after the birth of Israeli state I First War1948-1949 The Israelis reffered this war as the war of IndependenceIt had two distinct phasesIt first begun in 1947 after UN resolution on the partition of PalestineThe resolution was accepted by the Jewish communitybut Arabs rejectedThe result was a civil warUntil May 15 1948 th two feuding communities tried to predispose the outcome of the full-fledged strife that was bound to folow te evacuation of British forcesAs a resultmuch of fighting was mainly over the control of roads and the mixed cities After Israelis declaration of independenceEgyptLebanonIraqSyria and Jordan invaded Palestine to help Palestinian ArabsThis war lasted eight monthsIsrael Defence Forces IDF a formal armyfought with 5 arab states armies By December 1948it was clear that Israel had won the warEgyptian army was advanced well into SinaiLebanese army was pushed back to its borders and Israelis captured part of South LebanonSyrian army was forced to retreat to a line correspondingto the pre 1948 international boundaryThose zones became demilitarizedThe war ended with Jordan in control of what became West BankIraqi army played a minor rolets major role was pushing the Arab League to intervene in the war But how could Israel succeed It enjoyed the benefit of coherent leadershipwhose impact was magnified by David Ben-Gurions ability to integrate military and politiical elements into comphrensive strategyIsrael was predicted on social and political structures of its own long beforeLater in the warit obtained arms and turneits early military disadvantages into advantagesSoviet assistance to Israel was one reflection of the international dimension of the warBy helping IsraelMoscow hoped to disturb the status quo In the end of the warIsrael had larger area than the UN partition solution had reaffirmedSo Palestine refugee problem was createdIt was humuliating for Arabs 2 THE SINAI-SUEZ CAMPAIGN WAROCTOBER 1956
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