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Word Count: 562
Capitalism and Communism are two antagonist economic political and social systems Capitalism is characterized by a free market for goods and private control of production and consumption and by different social classes In Communism calls for a classless society where the leadership is in the hands of workers and all means of production are owned in common and not by the individuals The fundamental theory of Communism is Marxism which viewed political social and economic reality as based in the class struggle and predicted that Capitalism would destroy itself because of the struggle between the leaders and the workersantagonist forcesRobert Shulmans criticism essay over Dreisers novel is based on the ideology of Marxism At the beginning he emphasizes the characteristic features and the basic processes of Capitalism as the processes of commodification which provide the divisive pressure of American Capitalism non equal division of labor non equal division between production and distribution which leads to a fact that there is no connection between human labor and its results He uses Marxs words from his famous Das Kapital the term that this kind of connection is mystified impossible to understand or to explain that A commodity is therefore a mysterious thing Another very important fact to understand the character of Communism and the thinking of their leaders and of course Shulmans attitude towards Dreisers Sister Carrie is to understand the indictment of a capitalistic society and their 2 fundamental critiques those of alientation and of reification The opinion of Communists is that people become a means of the exchange system of Capitalism they become commodities objects and possessors of objects as well as their labor Shulman is talking about the fragmentation of self and society and stresses that this is exactly what was the main feature of the 19th century America In other words Capitalism creates human relations which operate more as exchanges of goods leave no room for ones selfhood and bring impersonal isolation Shulmans
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