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Word Count: 621
Imperialism What exactly is Imperialism Imperialism is the policy or action by which one country owns another country or territory Most such control is achieved by military means to gain economic and political advantages Such an action is also called expansionism An expansionist state that obtains overseas territories follows a policy known as colonialism Imperialism was based off of colonialism An imperialist government wishes to obtain new markets and new sources for new materials Britan and Japan are two such states that once practiced imperialism Britans case resides in India In the 19th century Great Britan had started its occupation of India Using strict military rule it exploited Indias resources and its people to use as labor It was able to justify this for a few reasons Many theories attempt to explain the motives for Imperialism One of the theories focuses on profit as the main reason for a nation to expand Industrialized nations can produce more manufactured goods that their citizens need and can afford to buy Colonies may provide serve as a market for the unused goods They provide cheap land and valuable resources However this theory does not really explain imperialism because not all colonies were not profitable Another important motive was Military strategy Long before this nations have conquered territory near their border to protect themselves from attacks In the late 1800s many European countries such as England had colonies throughout the world where their ships could take on supplies Also Imperialism can be encouraged by patriotism religion and a sense of cultural or racial superiority The White Mans Burden During the 1800s a strong feeling of nationalism swept most European countries Many people believed that their nations greatness depended on the size of its territory They encouraged expansion In addition many Europeans considered the people of Africa and Asia to be racially inferior Maybe a sprinkle of fascism The imperialists thought it was their God-given right to take
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