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Word Count: 2,185
The article Violence to a T Ogg 1997 p 3 is typical of the style and content of crime news reporting found in the mass media That is most crime news stories reported in the media misrepresent the crime problem by focussing only on certain types of crimes Those crimes are usually bizarre or unusual events such as murder or kidnapping This focus presents the public with the image that the majority of crime involves personal violence Added to this the style of presentation adopted by the media serves to enhance the nature of the crime in the readers mind reinforcing the theme than most crime is violent in nature Moreover the article Violence to a T like many other crime news stories is presented without any discussion of possible causes In contrast to the medias assessment and representation of crime the field of criminology offers a wider examination of crime It also attempts to account for why crimes occur through the application of various theories aimed at uncovering the cause of crime Two such theories are classical theory and strain theory When each theory is applied to a crime its strengths and weaknesses can be examined The theory most appropriate to the particular crime can then be used to properly explain the underlying causes for criminal behaviour The crimes reported in the article Violence to a T continues a common theme in the medias assessment and representation of crime as consisting mainly of violent events For example the crimes referred to in the article are mainly of a violent nature such as murder robbery kidnapping and assault The tendency to promote violent themes has been found in studies of other media sources around the world In particular a study by Williams and Dickinson 1993 investigated the crime news content of newspapers across the United Kingdom They found that 645 percent of crime news stories involved personal violence p 40 In contrast official
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