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Word Count: 1,186
With most Realist and Naturalist plays the audience is safely concealed behind the invisible fourth wall of the proscenium A play that utilizes this technique is A Dolls House written by Ibsen Yet many later plays do not provide the spectator this same degree of distance and detachment as seen in Six Characters in Search of an Author written by Pirandello which his labeled as Metatheater As a Realist play A Dolls House utilizes the slice-of-life take to theatre where the play is to mirror life Instead of emphasizing the cast or the script itself Realism tries to emphasize life and its hardships a universal truth that all humans can agree with To accomplish this for the audience the play itself must look and act like the life they know In the case of Ibsen and many other Realist playwrights he adopted a critical posture toward the pieties of the middle-class audience whose attitudes were embodied in the realistic vision of the world WB Worthen 583 thus the controversial plot line of A Dolls House was received with much passion and understanding in the 1880s when it was first published and produced Yet unlike life itself Realist plays had a formula to them the well-made play This included five distinct steps that the script should follow from beginning to end as a structure first a detailed introduction to the characters as seen in the very detailed opening stage directions Ibsen 601 Second a rising action which can be seen as the tension of money even in the first pages of the play Third is the crisis which obviously has to do with the rising action money Nora is in debt to Mr Krogstad which is a hugely unorthodox thing to happen in the late 1800s as women are not seen as full citizens Here we see Nora torn between social duty and love Is it indiscreet to save your husbands life Ibsen 604 Then
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