scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 856
here are two major types of structuralist theory functionalism and Marxism These structuralist theories are similar in that they look at the whole of society They are concerned with the influence of society on individuals as well as the relationships between different parts of society emphasising the ways in which individuals conform to social order However they are different because functionalists see order as being based on the acceptance of a consensus that is a general agreement about the norms and values in society On the other hand Marxists see the acceptance of a consensus as a form of false consciousness which benefits those with economic power Individuals are born into particular social structures and learn the existing beliefs and values of their societies Functionalists see this process as socialisation whereas Marxists and feminists see it as a form of indoctrination Functionalists see society as constituting a system of inter-related parts These parts are linked by their functions which make for the smooth running of society Thus education acts as a mechanism which sorts out the most talented from the less talented in order that the most talented achieve the functionally most important positions within society However Marxists Bowles and Gintis show that there is no relationship between academic qualifications and income According to this view if the most talented in society achieved the functionally most important jobs then parliament would be filled with university professors In addition it is difficult to measure which jobs are the most important in society Refuse collectors play a vital role in preventing the spread of disease and illness by taking rubbish away from peoples homes yet their jobs are considered to have low status which is reflected in low pay In contrast to the functionalist view of society Marxists see the different elements of society as serving the interests of the ruling class ie the bourgeoisie For Marxists education reproduces ruling class ideology and the
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA