scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,665
Acids and Bases are two groups of chemical compounds that generally have opposite characteristics They have there own unique traits acids taste sour turn litmus red while bases taste bitter and turn litmus blue The term pH relates to measuring the acidity or alkalinity of a solution such as vinegar or even a damp substance like soul The neutral pH is 7 which is essentially water with lower numbers indicating acidity and higher numbers indicating alkalinity Hydronium ions H3O are formed when water molecules H2O bond with hydrogen ions H Hydronium ions are positively charged because of their extra hydrogen ion Hydroxide ions OH- are produced when water molecules H2O ionize to become hydronium ions H3O and hydroxide ions OH- Substances with a high concentration of hydroxide ions are bases Bases have a pH rating of seven or higher Solutions of ions conduct an electric current similar in the way that wire does Ions can move about in a solution and carry a charge If they can do carry the charge they are electrolytes The Bronsted-Lowry theory states that an acid is a proton donor and a base a proton acceptor Although the acid must still contain hydrogen the Bronsted-Lowry theory does not require an aqueous medium The Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases also explains why a strong acid displaces a weak acid from its compounds and likewise for strong and weak bases In the Lewis theory of acid-base reactions bases donate pairs of electrons and acids accept pairs of electrons A Lewis acid is any substance such as the H ion that can accept a pair of nonbonding electrons Therefore a Lewis acid is an electron-pair acceptor A Lewis base is any substance such as the OH- ion that can donate a pair of nonbonding electrons A Lewis base is therefore an
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA