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Chinese Vs Russian Communism The twentieth century became an era of massive change and Revolution in the Old World It was an age of wars expansion and the enactment of new and radical ideas Two very contrasting countries conducted extreme revolutions during the first half of this century bringing into context the startling ideas of Karl Marx Although the ways in which Russia and China instituted their new economic programs were quite similar their foreign policy and methods by which the communists came to power greatly differed Russias Bolshevik Revolution was one of the quickest and less-debated revolutions of all time Taking place in just a number of weeks if that the entire system of government shifted from Kerenskys makeshift provisional government to Lenins more dramatic one On the other hand Maos revolution had been a long and extraordinary affair taking nearly twenty years and costing millions of lives It broke all Marxs rules for when and where and how a communist revolution should take place It had been based on the support of millions of peasants not city workers Russia had the support of peasants and city workers instead of just peasants Chinas revolt grew out of animosity toward the Japanese and the propertied class while Russias was aimed primarily at the monarchy and aristocracy The Chinese revolution was a struggle In comparison the worlds first communist revolution that of Lenin in 1917 looked like a terrorist takeover of a city Russia and China did in fact resemble eachother when looking at economic plans Land collectivization was practiced in both countries each collectivized province being run by a small group of elects The products of this policy was given to the government and then rationed Small plots were permitted for personal growth as well Collectivization did help the agrarian economy in both countries raising the amount of product produced and traded with In both countries the middle class were looked down
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