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Popper and Kuhn Two Views of Science In this essay I attempt to answer the following two questions What is Karl Poppers view of science Do I feel that Thomas Kuhn makes important points against it The two articles that I make reference to are Science Conjectures and Refutations by Karl Popper and Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research by Thomas Kuhn Both articles appear in the textbook to this class In the article Science Conjectures and Refutations Karl Popper attempts to describe the criteria that a theory must meet for it to be considered scientific He calls this puzzle the problem of demarcation Popper summarizes his arguments by saying the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability or refutability or testability Kuhn says that he and Popper often agree as to what constitutes science and non-science He claims that he differs with Popper in the methods that he uses to arrive at his conclusions Kuhn says that if a line of demarcation is to be sought between science and non-science we shouldnt look for a sharp or decisive one because science is not objective as Popper would have us believe but subjective Popper claims that the common answer to the problem of delineating between science and pseudo-science is that science uses an empirical method deriving from observations and experiments This explanation does not satisfy Popper He has a gut feeling that areas of study like astrology are not science and he attempts to come up with a theory to prove it One of the problems I have with Popper is that instead of looking at a concrete problem and trying to come up with an explanation Popper first made up his mind that astrology is not science and then set out to prove it By Poppers own admissions confirming evidence is everywhere but means little This could be applied all of Poppers examples Popper is dissatisfied with the Marxist
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