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Compare both approaches communitypublic participation and policyministerial advisers and officials for the development of public policy including their strengths and weaknessesDeveloping policy consists of the following stages agenda setting formulating policy decision-making implementation and lastly evaluation reference Two approaches to developing policy are a community or public participation and b ministerial or elitist theory The participatory approach aims to represent the views of its citizens by maximizing community participation in the policy making process reference Contrary to this is the elitist theory where the locus of power and decision-making lies with ministers and officials with minimum public interest and input reference Participatory governance through decentralization is becoming popular as the power of decision-making is converging to the citizens reference The participatory approach is more favorable than the elitist approach as it is a better reflection of the communitys needs and it demands citizen involvement in the formulation of policy However politics and governance continues to be an inherently centralized form of decision-making Political elites continue to play a crucial role in the enactment and support of policy ideas and bureaucratic elites strongly influence the implementation of policies reference This essay asserts that the participatory approach to policy development is favorable over the elitist approach and requires a greater presence on the forefront of policy making in todays world In order to demonstrate this it will be necessary to first outline what the participatory and elitist approach entail Secondly the essay will compare the two approaches outlining the various strengths and weaknesses of each These will be measured by examining the National Forest Planning case study from the United States through stages of the decision-making process and corresponding outcomes The purpose to involve citizens in decision-making can be categorized into the following streams to discover definitions alternatives or criteria to educate the public about an issue and propose alternatives to measure or assess public opinion regarding a set of options to persuade the public
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