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CanadaUnited States Basics -Parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy-Federal-Responsible executive part of legislation-Written AND unwritten constitution-Presidentialcongressional-Republic-Federal-Separation of powers with checks and balances -Written constitution Elections10 10-Divided into 301 electoral constituencies-Reflects the democratic principle of representation by population-Members of various political parties gather and choose a candidate to represent them in the election-Candidate with the most votes is elected to represent the constituency in legislature-Party with the most candidates elected forms the legislative government the leader of that party becomes Prime Minister-Minority government number elected is less than 50 requires support from elected numbers of a different political party to remain in power-Party with the second most votes forms the Official Opposition the leader becomes Leader of the Opposition-Opposition is responsible in monitoring activities of government insuring against the misuse or abuse of government powers-Elections are held at least once every five years with variable terms can change from election to election-Prime minister has the authority to call elections sooner than five years usually when heshe senses that there will be an electoral victory -To be successful a candidate must run in four elections-Campaigning starts approximately two years before the actual elections-Primaries first elections choose delegates to go to the national convention of either Democratic or Republican parties-Delegates are most likely loyal in supporting specific candidates for the partys nomination -No more than the registered members of the party may vote in primaries-Running in primaries is optional but usually will cause a candidates campaign to come to a standstill if a candidate loses or doesnt participate -The few states that dont hold primaries hold caucuses state party meetings to choose delegates -After all delegates are chosen A convention is held where a party chooses its presidential candidate by an open election-A general election is held on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November when all eligible adults may vote-This vote determines the electors who are the people appointed by two parties to vote for their
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