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Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism However they differed in the way they perceived the afterlife and the role they played in the eyes of the gods Mesopotamians believed did not believe in an after life while the Egyptian did Mesopotamians also believed that they were created for the amusement of the gods and to do the gods work While the Egyptians believed that they should have a respect for the Gods and that they became equal to the gods when they died This difference in beliefs led to a differentiation in the way they lived their lives The pharaohs of ancient Egypt were an integral part of religion They formed a bridge over the chasm dividing the people and the gods In pre-dynastic times the Egyptians believed that their Pharaoh was the god Horus son of Re the sun god Therefore being a Pharaoh there was nothing that you could not do He was head of the government and high priest of every temple In practice officials did their work in his name The pharaoh was the most important and powerful person in the kingdom Most pharaohs were men but some well-known pharaohs such as Nefertiti and Cleopatra were women Because the pharaoh was considered a god one of his most important roles was as a representative between humans and the gods Religion was not separated from government in Egypt The pharaoh not only ruled the kingdom but was also believed to maintain order in the universe The regular patterns of nature the annual flooding of the Nile the cycle of the seasons and the progress of the sun that brought day and night were considered gifts of the gods for the people of Egypt Art in all its forms was devoted principally to the service of the pharaoh When a pharaoh died he was believed to be united with the sun and then a new Horus ruled
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