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Word Count: 379
Toward the end of the eiteenth-century Romanticism emerged as a response to Classicism Even though this change was gradual it transformed everything from art and philosophy to education and science While the Classicsts thought of the world as having a rigid and stern structure the romanticists thought of the world as a place to express their ideas and believes The Romaniticists and Classicsts differed in their views of the relationship between an individual and society their views of nature and the relationship between reason and imagination Classicists and Romanticists differed in their views of nature Classicism was based on the idea that nature and human nature could be understood by reason and thought Classicist believed that nature was a self-contained machine like a watch whose laws of operation could be rationally understood text199 On the other hand Romanticists viewed nature as mysterious and ever changing As William Cullen Bryant states that nature speaks a various language text 123 Romantic writes believed that nature is an ever changing living organism whose laws we will never fully understand Classicist and Romanticists also differed on their approches towards reason and imagination Classicism attached much more importance to reason than imagination because imagination could not be explained by their laws To them the imagination though essential to literature had to be restrained by reason and common sense text 119 The Romanticists however emphasized that reason was not the only path to truth Instead Romantic writers emphasized intuition that inner perception of truth which is independent of reason text 122 To the Romantic writers imagination was ultimately superior to reason Yet another area of difference between Classicits and Romanticsts whether they placed greater importance on tradition or whether they chose to innovate Classicists thought that it was literatures function to show the everyday values of humanity and the laws of human existence Their idea was that classicism upheld tradition often to the point of resisting change because
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