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Sigmund Freud the father of psychology created a theory of personality called psychoanalysis which attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts Myers 504 In this theory he describes three levels of the personality called the id ego and superego Many literary works have these levels contained within them if analyzed from a figurative psychological standpoint One story that presented many similar traits from this viewpoint is Kafkas The Metamorphosis In this story the characters of Gregor and his family display many characteristics which pertain to Freuds psychoanalytic theory specifically the characteristics of the id ego and superego Gregors family consists of his father mother and younger sister In addition the story contains many symbols pertaining to Kafka self-image as well as his life Gregors father can be seen as consisting all the three levels of the personality theory when compared to the other characters which he demonstrates in many instances He represents the id which is defined as seeking instant gratification and being oblivious to the outside worlds condition and demands by acting childish and not responding to his daughters questions at the dinner table For example Kafka writes His sister often asked her father if he wanted any beer and when he did not answer she said she could also send the janitors wife to get it but then his father finally answered with a definite No and that was the end of that Kafka 2764 Also he shows the trait of having to be taken care of like a child would by having his wife and daughter carry him to bed Not until the women lifted him up under his arms did he open his eyes And leaning on the two women he would get up laboriously as if he were the greatest weight on himself and let the women lead him to the door while Gregors mother threw down her sewing and his sister her pen as
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