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Compare and Contrast the Aims and Methods of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X These great leaders came from vastly different backgrounds which is shown in their thinking on life especially early on Martin was a Christian from the rural south whilst Malcolm had become a Muslim from the urban north King called for love of your neighbour integration and nonviolence which was part of his American Dream Malcolm X called for self-love separation and by any means necessary which was part of his Black Nationalism Throughout their lives their views were constantly changing largely affected by each other but also by the many events in their lives Malcolm X forced King to become more radical and to look into the problems of the urban north King made X become more politically active and work much more with the Civil Rights Movement Although many have often said that they were like oil and water these two men however different they may have seemed to be had the same goal They wanted to end exploitation discrimination and racism Also for both religion was primary in defining their lives and ideals There are two distinct phases in their political lives For King the change in his outlook came when he looked at the social problems of the urban slums and the extent of racism of his previous allies This turning point came with the riots in Watts Los Angeles For Malcolm X the major change came when he broke from the Nation of Islam and went on his Hajj to Mecca when he realised the anti-racist nature of true Islam It must be remembered however that Martins second phase came well after Malcolms death Their achievements will not be looked at but throughout there will be a discussion on how and why their aims and methods were formed Despite interpretations by King and others justice not love was the main aim of the Montgomery Bus
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