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Word Count: 859
The two great thinkers Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud wrote extensively on the individual As part of that writing both spoke of how civilization affects and shapes everyone While both authors saw the necessity of society it is a certainty that they valued its importance differently Freud believed in the benefits of its restraint Marx believing while necessary for organization society did not promote the best interest of the individual Sigmund Freud in his book Civilization and its Discontents details the need for the limiting force of society when he states Perhaps we may begin by explaining that the element of civilization enters on the scene with the first attempt to regulate these social relationships If the attempt were not made the relationships would be subject to the arbitrary will of the individual that is to say the physically stronger man would decide them in the sense of his own interests and instinctual impulses 48 It is Freuds belief the without the restraining benefit of society that the stronger will dominate the weaker He continues that if the stronger runs up against someone yet stronger still then the stronger become part of the weaker class and become dominated When people band together as a group a society collectively they then become stronger the strongman Freuds principal has been borne out through the ages A clear modern example is Hitler in the 1930s When he took power in Germany he planed of world domination This could only come to be through the subjugation of other countries by the use of power Germany successfully accomplished this against many countries and oppressed several individual ethnic groups Germany lost the war when a still superior force The Allies defeated it At that point Germany became the one dominated Freud says The power of the community is then set up as right in opposition to the power of the individual which is condemned as brute force Freud
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