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Arabia vs Europe Who were the true occasionalists To begin a comparison between occasionalists from the eastern and western hemispheres of the world a clear definition of Occasionalism must be stated Occasionalism is the belief that everything is caused by God from the motion of the tiniest spider as it rushes across the room to the cataclysmic event of stars exploding It is also the belief that there is no substance other than that of God This is the basic definition But as with every other philosophic belief there are some philosophers who modified this definition For example some occasionalists such as Al-Ghazali believed that events are caused by Angels as well Occasionalism began in Iraq in the city of Basra under Al-Ashari who was previously a member of the Mutazilah He had some disagreements with the Mutazilahs beliefs concerning the creation of the Quran where he believed that the Quran is eternal but the words when read or printed are created whereas the Mutazilah believed the Quran was created He also believed that the world is recreated by God every second On describing the mind which is the essence of the soul he stated that the mind is totally separate from the world surrounding it and that it cannot touch it Al-Ghazali was the most well known occasionalist of his time since he was famous for many other things specifically his famous dislike of the Neo-Platonists who had appeared and flourished in Arabic Philosophy during that period He was titled the Enemy of the Neo-Platonists and published several books attacking their concepts and philosophic beliefs foremost among these books is the one titled The Incoherence of the Philosophers The most famous saying in Arabic philosophy that describes occasionalism was that God burns Cotton versus that of Neo-Platonism which is Fire burns Cotton Almost 500 years later Rene Descartes made his appearance as the first modern philosopher in Europe Renowned in the world for
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