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Who had the greater impact on Western civilization Charles Darwin or Sigmund Freud Freud did many great and wonderful things during his lifetime He studied illnesses of the mind advanced what little we knew at the time and came to conclusions about things no one had ever thought about before However Darwin also did many wonderful and great things Overall Freud had more impact on society than Darwin did Freud did a lot more for us in both the immediate and long runs He focuses his research on discovering and identifying what was behind who we were Sigmund Freud physiologist medical doctor psychologist and father of psychoanalysis is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinker of the twentieth century Freud was responsible for making the idea of the conscious mind and the unconscious mind popular Working closely with the conscious mind is what Freud called the preconscious These can be most easily described as equal to memories that you are not currently thinking about but can bring to mind at will Freud argued that these two parts the conscious and preconscious were the smallest parts of the mind and that the largest part by far is the unconscious According to Freud the unconscious is the source of out motivations whether they be simple desires for food or sex neurotic compulsions or the motives of an artist or scientist And yet we are often driven to deny or resist becoming conscious of these motives and they are often available to us only in disguised form Freud worked extensively developing the theories of the id ego and superego He taught is that the id translates an organisms needs into motivational forces In German this is called Triebe which has been translated as drives or instincts Freud also called them wishes The transition from need to wish is referred to as the primary process The ego relates the organism to reality by means
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