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England vs Ireland History To understand this current situation we will have to go back in history There are three critical dates which lead to the situation today Those dates are 1170 1609 and 1969 In the next paragraphs I will briefly explain what was going on in each of these years To begin with in 1170 Henry II ruled England He attempted to attach Ireland to his kingdom However he only established control in a small area near Dublin known as the Pale In that particular area English citizens started moving in and adapting the English language religion practices beliefs and etc Attempts were made to conquer the rest of Ireland but major English expansion did not take place until the seventeenth century In 1609 Queen Elizabeths army had established the English rule over most of the island of Ireland with the exception of the Northern Province Ulster The Ulster clans Lead by Hugh ONeil had a very affective alliance against the English army Unfortunately after a long and damaging campaign it was eventually brought under English control in 1703 By then all the Irish leaders had left Ireland for Europe and less than 5 of Ulster was controlled by Catholics Irish Later on in 1969 the restlessness in Northern Ireland really started In this year the minority demanded better job opportunities accommodation and rights for voting In reaction to this the British government introduced a new law which prohibited religious discrimination and cancelled the law of 1922 In reaction to that in the 1970s the IRA Irish Republic Army began their terrorist reactions The problems in Northern Ireland are practically from the difference in religion There are two main camps the Unionists and the Republicans The Unionists are Protestant Christians and the Republicans are Catholic Christians Northern Ireland was created by the English as an attempt to stop the fighting The idea was that as the Protestants had a majority
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