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The state of nature as described by Locke is a state of perfect freedom a state in which man is completely free but would Rousseau agree with this The answer to this question is more complex than it seems Locke and Rousseau both great philosophers of their time have similar ideas but the similarities between them end at that They have very different views on just about every philosophical topic and retain these differences When comparing two of their works The Social Contract Rousseau and Second Treatise of Government Locke the differences between them become clear It almost seems that The Social Contract was written to combat Lockes Second Treatise of Government and if so his point comes across very clearly Rousseau begins this work on political theory much in the way Locke did with a discussion on the state of nature This is the point at which we see our first difference between Locke and Rousseau Locke describes it as a state in which every person has power over no one but himself or herself and has the freedom to do as they please without endangering others He also states that natural man follows a set of natural laws in which he can punish any transgressor in a manner that fits the crime and in such a way that dissuades the individual from committing such a crime in the future Such transgressors of the state of reason now enter one of to natural states a state of war or a state of society In the state of war we are not longer governed my reason but a force That is where the difference between the two lies When man exists in nature without the influence of a governing faction we tend to govern our selves according to reason However when this reason rails to exist and we govern ourselves by force war ensues In this state of war the innocent parties have the right
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