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Word Count: 1,184
For many political theorists and thinkers the ideas of labor and property are central to the evolution of governments or states and henceforth very important aspects of human life For some writers the development of property is a direct result of labor and government is set up to ensure the property rights of those who own property Some view property and labor fundamentally or naturally connected aspects of human life while others see it as merely a social convention Each thinker also has different opinions about how property is acquired as well as what the limits to property acquisition are While one writer may provide the most fair account of property another may provide a more feasible account of property acquisition and its limits This essay will attempt to compare and contrast the beliefs of John Locke and Karl Marx on the ideas of labor and property with their connections to the aspects of the human condition as well as determine who holds the most feasible or fair account of property To begin Locke believes that property is not a thing rather it is a relationship between an individual and an item Property is a natural condition in John Lockes state of nature meaning it was present since the beginning Thus labor in the beginning gave a right of property wherever anyone was pleased to employ it upon what was common which remained a long while the far greater part and is yet more than mankind makes use of Locke 27 In order for property rights to exist they must be recognized by other individuals through the act of mixing physical labor with nature The most fundamental and natural forms of the property of man are The labor of his body and the work of his hands Locke 19 These fundamental properties according to Locke cannot be stripped from any man nor could without injury take from him Locke 21 By mixing nature with this
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