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The thesis of Orientalim was written by Edward W Said in 1978 and the author defined the orientalism as a European invention and it is a western style for dominating restructuring and have authority over the orient It started since the beginning of nineteenth century until World War II and it adopted by France Britain and American Most westerner think the orient is seen as separate passive eccentric backwards and it is with a tendency to despotism Actually these are all the particular form that western stereotypical understanding of Asian people culture and value In Saids Orientalism thesis he thinks the Orient is an integral part of European material civilization and culture and orientalist expresses and represents that part culturally but in fact he has already divided them into orient and occident and also labeling someone as an orientalist It sets up a dichotomous boundary between us and them The main objection to Said is we should not label people as an orientalist or ethnocentrist or imperialist because it can create some effects resulting in promoting stereotypical understanding and still remaining unaware of peoples own fixed structures of orientation The second article the Clash of Civilization was written by Samuel PHuntington in 1993 As world politics is entering a new phase that the great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of international conflict will be the cultural A civilization is the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes humans from other species It is defined both by common objective elements such as language history religion customs institutions and by the subjective self-identification of people These divisions are deep and increasing in importance In this article there also exist some problems with Huntingtons notion of civilization which apply to Asia The first problem is Huntington argues that civilization identity is not only real but also basic In Huntingtons
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