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Word Count: 899
Throughout American politics two particularly well known categorizations of race and ethnicity have arisen Color Dichotomy and the later Ethno-racial Pentagon Each seeks to define and categorize the vast racial diversity America prides itself on While intending to create clear and fair ethno-racial constructions there are obvious advantages and weak spots to each for the purposes of analyzing American politics An old-fashioned and less popular method of categorization is the Color Dichotomy This concept distinguishes two complementing counterparts to every situation in terms of race and ethnicity white and nonwhite people of color In the US about 75 of Americans identify as white while about 25 of Americans identify themselves as nonwhite Applying this construct to other dividing barriers among people other categories appear such as oppressor vs oppressed Hegemon vs other and dominant vs minority The main advantage of this concept is in its simplicity By having only two dividing categories everyone could conceivably fit neatly into one of these two categories Collapsing an incredible amount of diversity of culture into one all encompassing colored category however this framework obviously contains numerous problems Thousands of differences between many races and culture are consequently ignored all distinctions between various colored peoples are less significant than the fact that they are nonwhite Hollinger 25 It could also be argued that even the white category collapses many different origins into a bland and stereotypical title The outright ignorance present within this model leads to its unpopularity within American politics especially The ethno-racial pentagon challenges this model by supplying strong cultural content In contrast to the two divisions within the color dichotomy the ethno-racial pentagon provides five more specific categorizations of raceethnicity Euro-American Asian American African American HispanicLatino and Indigenous PeoplesNative American To be sure a value of the pentagon is its capacity to call attention to a certain range of social and cultural diversity Hollinger 25 The pentagon also keeps some simplicity however so that people
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