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1984 Contemporary Literary Criticism George Orwell creates a society in his novel 1984 in which decency individuality and consciousness have all been abolished to obtain a utopia Utopia in this sense means an imaginary political and social system in which relationships between individuals and the state are perfectly adjusted Orwell believed that in order to achieve this perfect society the state must use a completely unlimited use of torture and brainwashing Fromm 261 However Orwells intention of writing the novel was not to show the reader what the society of his time might become but rather to give a warning that humans should resist and become conscious of the totalitarian states that governed his world George Orwells aim was to provide society with an answer to the question as stated by Erich Fromm Can human nature be changed in such a way that man will forget his longing for freedom for dignity for integrity for love--that is to say can man forget he is human 260 The world of 1984 can be compared to a world run by machines Orwell purveys to the reader that through oppression cruelty and torture brainwashing and elimination of mans inmost desires man can be made unhuman In the first chapter of 1984 the reader is open to two of Orwells themes poverty and politics Together the two lead to oppression As soon as a child is born the Party begins its first attempt to control society The child is given a uniform which eliminates contrast and creates unity People like robots are born to serve their masters the Party Signs of Big Brother which say BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU constantly haunt the main character Winston Thought and actions found as threats by the Party are taken care of by such devices as the telescreen and people such as the Thought Police Winston lives in a society shadowing the depression of war Poverty is not the result
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