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Critical Evaluation of Castros Afro-Cuban Policies Critically evaluate the following description of the Castro regime in Cuba An afro-phobic regime with an afro-centric foreign policy The blackening of Cuba had its roots in the 1700s during the Sugar Revolution1762-1800 The labor of African slaves was a substantial asset to sugar production and therefore large amounts of native Africans were relocated to Cuba As time progressed the number of black Cubans fluctuated peaking in the mid 19th century when they constituted the majority of the population This enigricimiento or blackening of Cuba developed into a fear of black power that fueled racist divisions in pre-revolutionary Cuba But was Castro himself Afro-phobic Though no one can know the thoughts of the man himself it does not seem altogether likely His positive actions such as the passing of the March 1959 civil rights legislation appear to be anything but racist Although this can be alternatively argued after the Castro regimes failure to redistribute power and later lack of dialogue on the subject More likely though is the possibility of Castros lack of awareness of the depth of racial divisions in Cuba To him the revolution was not a question of race but one of national unity Perhaps this stems from his personal and educational background Castro was brought up in a white world where the people surrounding him were overwhelmingly not Afro-Cuban His parents teachers and friends were white and subsequently race was not originally an issue for him Perhaps this is why he does not address race in his speech La Historia me Absolvera and continues to give the impression of racial homogeneity His Marxist beliefs also benefited this perception holding the idea that racism was a result of class distinction and if class distinction were eliminated as planned in Castros nationalist revolution racism would effectively disappear Thus with this background it may have been easy for Castro to misinterpret the question of
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