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Critically review a chapter of your choice from Fisher 1995 Teaching Children to Learn in relation to school experience Chapter 8 - Coaching I have chosen to critically analyse Fisher chapter 8 on cognitive coaching When reading through the book this chapter instantly interested me I wanted to learn more about childrens unique learning styles and the strategies we can introduce to enhance their learning I will be looking into four fields of learning styles and investigated Fishers six strategies within cognitive coaching and evaluating these In the beginning of this chapter Fisher explains how thinking and learning is an idiosyncratic process We all have individual learning styles unique to us Many psychologists agree with Fisher and recognise the different learning methods In many of his works Piaget takes pains to point out that there exist individual differences in childrens rate of attainment of the various cognitive structures New directions in educational psychology edited by Noel Entwistle All these styles need to be taken into account when teaching children we therefore need to understand them In Reflective teaching in the primary school a handbook for the classroom by Andrew Pollard and Sarah Tann who describe the different styles of learning Holistserialist Pask 1976 Kagan and Kagan 1970 Holists get a quick grasp of information then fill in the detail Where as serialists build up a picture bit by bit Field-dependent field-independent Witkin et al 1977 Field dependent learners use general context or their experience to solve problems and Field-independent learners analyse a stimulus identify an manipulate a problems components ScannersFocusers Bruner et al 1956 Scanners make an initial hypothesis and see if everything fits where as Focusers chose component variables and test each one then get a theory Divergentconvergent Torrance 1962 Divergent learners use their inspirational flair and imagination where as convergent learners try to find a right and wrong answer In Cognitive processes in education SFarham-Diggory defines divergent thinking in this simple
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