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The absolutist characteristics that a Hobbesian state embodies is fundamentally due to the pessimistic nature that Hobbes takes of man in a state where he is not subjected to any external authority Unlike Locke Hobbes sees man as centres of appetites rather than of rights and duties The Hobbesian man relentlessly pursues his own desires whereas the Lockean man pauses to think what effects his actions will have on others The Hobbesian society therefore requires greater constraints to be placed on its subjects because the act of not doing so would invite far worse results In Elements of Law and again in Leviathan Hobbes rejected the widely held notion by other philosophers in assuming that a universal human good existed and attempting to articulate what it consisted of Hobbes believed that the pursuit of a universal human good proved to be an illusionary basis for human society there is no such Finis Ultimis utmost ayme nor Summum Bonum Greatest Good as is spoken of in the Books of the old Morall Philosophers Reason for Hobbes has no real content either for it is nothing but the Reckoning of the Consequences of generall names agreed upon for the marking and signifying of our thoughts As a result reason is not able to motivate man to direct his actions in a particular way only a passion a desire or an aversion can motivate us Hobbes did however agree that all men had placed one desire higher than any others the desire to avoid death Since the onset of death would mean that Mans other desires would not be satisfied the avoidance of death must be sought by all rational men all men aggress on this that Peace is Good and therefore also the way or means of Peace It is important to note that the avoidance of death is not a moral obligation or duty but merely a necessary means to
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