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In this paper we will examine the philosophies of Reinhold Niebuhr and Jose Porfirio Miranda of sin and the political and economic implications on justice We will examine similarities and differences and attempt to reach a moderated view based on their representations Sin Websters definition of sin could be paraphrased as the deliberate disobedience to the known will of God andor the separation resulting thereof In this section we will examine both Niebuhr and Mirandas philosophies on the nature of sin Niebuhr summarizes sin as having two dimensions the first of which is religious He states that the religious dimension of sin is idolatry The sin of man is that he seeks to make himself God pg 84 In additions Niebuhr recognizes a moral dimension of sin that is injustice an unwillingness to value the claims of the other or to see ones own claims as equal but not superior to the others Niebuhrs philosophy on sin is basically focused on mans inherent selfish nature To contrast Miranda views sin as less of a result of mans own heart but also influenced by the sin of the world He states Latin American theology does not startwith a relationship of the solitary self with another individual self but considers the structure in which the sin of the world conditions our own personal sin pg 103 Niebuhr sees selfishness and sin as the result of the impossibility for man to exhibit selfless love however he stresses that we should strive to achieve this love Miranda however sees sin as more of being impacted and influenced by the actions and policies of the world toward the underprivileged Both Niebuhr and Miranda hold the mutual philosophy that sin attempts to gain and hold power at the expense of others Political and Economic Implications Both Niebuhr and Miranda attribute politics and economics for justices and injustices in society Both view equality to some extent
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