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I- Issue R-RuleDefinitionConceptDefine A-Analysis C-Conclusion Chapter 1 American Sociological Association 1What is Sociology -Soc Is one of the social and behavioral sciences but it is set apart from the others by a unique viewpoint This viewpoint includes the notions of science social structure social interaction and social change 2Karl Marx- Saw the revolution as one stage in the social evolution of human societies Under Capitalism workers and capitalists are separated by ownership of means of production Marx saw revolution creation of classless society Profit drives wages downproletariat will revoltpro Forms new government and means of production 3Durkheim- Mechanical Solidarity social solidarity based on shared values Organic solidarity functional interference among people 4Weber- Rationalization heavily emphasizes deliberate calculation efficiency and effectiveness in acc goals 5Theoretical Perspectives- Functionalismmacro view society as a system of parts that work together to maintain the whole system in a state of equilibrium When equilibrium is disturbed set activities is set in motion that aims to restore equilibrium Social Conflict Theoristsmacro stresses the role of power in social relations and in organization of society CT views society as consisting of conflicting groups locked into a struggle to control their own destiny as well as the destiny of other groups Symbolic Interactionists individ Construct the nature of there social world through interaction and everyday encounters through symbols and language Risks overlooking widespread effects like cultureracegenderclass 6Research methods- Qualitative designed to obtain the subjective understanding interpretation and meaning of social behavior To obtain such understanding qualitative researchers rely on such techniques as studying historical records life histories in-depth interviews and participant observation Quantitative rely heavily on statistical and mathematical techniques Survey and controlled experiment are two basic quantitative approaches Science- Scientific method What happenedWhyHow Auguste Comte FATHER OF SOCIOLOGY Alienation- A situation in which people having lost control over their lives are estranged from their social world and feel that life is meaningless MARX Mechanical Solidarity- Social solidarity based on shared
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