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Anthropologists and Archaeologists Anthropologists and archaeologists have influenced our lives in so many ways They have taken us back to our most humble beginnings They have given us anawareness of just how far we have come through the centuries Archaeology is theinvestigating of life by unearthing and interpreting the objects left behind by earlierpeoples and cultures dating back to prehistoric times Anthropology is the scientificstudy of hominids their physical features development and behavior Anthropology isbroken into two parts physical and sociocultural Physical is concerned with humanevolution and biology and the study of primates Sociocultural anthropology investigatesfieldwork of food production social organizations and religious beliefs clothinglanguage and other aspects of various cultures from the beginnings of our evolution topresent day times Ethnology is another facet of anthropology that fine tunes thesecultural studies Archaeology tells us how these people lived by examining the objectsthey used Anthropology tells us how we have changed and evolved from theiradvancements By examining their bones we can determine their brain size and postureTheir tools found tell us their ability to adapt to the environment their intelligencelevels and provide for their basic needs Archaeologists have discovered many artifacts in the150 years that the field has been active Anthropology has enlightened us to howare minds and bodies have changed since the mid 19th century Both archaeologists andanthropologists are working towards the goal of discovering how and when man began To understand their significance we must look into what we once thought we knew andwhat we think we know today In the 19th centuryanthropology emerged as a distinct field of study LewisHenry Morgan who did major research on the Iroquois was the founder of this disciplinein North America The European founding figure was British scholar Edward B Taylorwho perfected a theory of human evolution with special concentration on the origins ofreligion Major foundations for scientific archaeology developed Mostly by Danisharchaeologists at the Northern Antiquities Museum in Copenhagen
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