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ECSTASY Ecstasy or MDMA 34-methylenedioxymethamphetamine is a synthetic analogue of 34-methylenedioxyamphetamine MDA a psychoactive drug-possessing stimulant and hallucinogenic properties First synthesized in 1912 by a German company possibly to be used as an appetite suppressant and became popular in the 1960s as the love drug The Life Education Network 2001 In 1941 the drug was tested as a relief for Parkinsons disease but dropped when one trial subject experienced rigidity of the muscles At about the same time the drug was dropped as an appetite suppressant because strange side effects were noted By the 1970s ecstasy was used to facilitate psychotherapy by a small group of therapists in the United States A number of psychiatrists came forth who had been quietly using MDMA not approved by FDA was not illegal Oakley 1999 Until July 1 1985 MDMA was not a controlled substance and was legally available for use At that time the Drug Enforcement Administration placed MDMA in Schedule 1 on an emergency basis as a drug with high potential for abuse and without accepted medical use It was claimed that the abuse potential of MDMA was proved by its widespread use MDMA is reported to be safe by psychotherapists and users Newsweek 1985 Origination of the drug MDMA is believed to mainly come from the Netherlands and Belgium In order to target organizations and individuals that distribute and manufacture club drugs DEA established Operation Flashback in July 1997 On July 2 1998 MDMA was approved for inclusion under this Special Enforcement Program Since February 1998 active investigations have increased from 6 to 140 indicative of the increasing demand and availability of club drugs usdoj 2000 MDMA has a high potential for abuse but only has moderatelow dependence potential There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision Erowid 2001 MDMA Ecstasy is almost always swallowed as a tablet or capsule and a
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