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Mao Zedong had ruled China for more than a quarter of a century During his rule in China for twenty-five years he had failed to bring prosperity to China Maos policies had brought so many catastrophes and suffering to China In 1966 Mao had launched a Cultural Revolution a political movement to regain credibility after the fiasco of the Great Heap Forward a campaign launched by Mao himself to dramatically speed up economic productivity through establishing peoples communes and decentralizing industrial protection A decade later in 1976 Mao died leaving Chinas economy in shreds and the people of China exhaust due to more than two decades of political chaos As China began to move away from Maoism Hua Guofeng Maos official successor brought back Maoism by quoting We must obey chairman Hua like we obeyed Mao In 1978 Hua lost power to Deng Xiaoping and his followers A new era had begun for China A new chapter BORN UNDER THE FLAG was written for Chinese history Never in Earths history had a nation been transformed with such speed and magnitude Deng Xiaoping was a former Communist Party leader who had been purged twice in the Cultural Revolution At first Deng allowed a freer political atmosphere during which people began to air their long-suppressed grievances During that time period a new movement so called the Democracy Wall Movement had surfaced At first Deng allowed the people to voice out and rebel against the Communist Party but once it became too strong he cracked the movement by jailing the activists and leaders Deng along with his reformers Hu Yaobang and Shao Ziyang began blending socialism with a free market economy and Special Economic Zones were opened along the east coast to attract foreign capital and technology The agriculture collectives located in the countryside were all dispersed and the peasants were allowed to profit from their spare crops by selling them The Communist government encouraged the formation of
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