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Postimpressionism Postimpressionism was a movement in late-19th-century French painting that emphasized the artists personal response to a subject Postimpressionism takes its name from an art movement that immediately preceded it Impressionism But whereas impressionist painters concentrated on the depiction of a subjects immediate appearance postimpressionists focused on emotional or spiritual meanings that the subject might convey Although impressionist artists interpreted what they saw their approach nevertheless remained rooted in observation of the natural world Postimpressionists conveyed their personal responses to the world around them through the use of strong unnatural colors and exaggeration or slight distortion of forms Postimpressionism can be said to have begun in 1886 the year that French painter Georges Seurat exhibited Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte 1884-1886 and to have ended in 1906 the year French painter Paul Czanne died British art critic Roger Fry however coined the term postimpressionism in 1910 when he organized an exhibition of French paintings at the Grafton Galleries in London Fry is said to have been dissuaded from using the word expressionist to describe the work of Czanne Seurat Paul Gauguin Henri Matisse Vincent van Gogh and others and to have finally declared Oh lets just call them post-impressionists at any rate they came after the impressionists The term was firmly established when Fry held a second show of postimpressionist art at the Grafton Galleries in 1912 The Postimpressionists The painters most closely associated with postimpressionism all took part in Frys first exhibition Czanne Seurat Gauguin Matisse and van Gogh Although their styles differed greatly from one another these artists shared an ability to communicate concepts emotions or personal sensation through their art Unlike other postimpressionists Paul Czanne did not create symbolic equivalents between elements of his paintings and particular emotions or concepts Instead Czanne who
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