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Its on Platos Republic I first restate Socrates third argument against Thrasymachus Then I examine his argument and point out the flaws Finally I try to guess Platos purpose on writing this and how this is actually a success concerning the whole book while a failure for Book I Fatal Flaws in Socrates Third Argument At the end of Book I in the Republic Socrates states three arguments 349a-350e 351a-352c 352d-354b against Thrasymachus argument that injustice is more advantageous than justice 343b-344c He argues 1 that the just men are good and clever while the unjust ignorant and bad 350d 2 that the unjust men always fight against each other and cannot accomplish anything 352c and 3 that just men are happy and unjust men are wretched 354a Even though Socrates successfully makes Thrasymachus give up the discussion Thrasymachus failure is not due to Socrates arguments are persuasive enough Because Thrasymachus is already frustrated and disoriented by Socrates eloquent speech he fails to notice the flaws in Socrates own argument In this essay I will focus on the problematic points in Socrates third argument that just men are happy I will examine Socrates position in the third argument and expose the flaws in vague definitions of justice virtue and happiness By clarifying these flaws I will demonstrate the reasons why Socrates argument is not convincing In order to locate Socrates flaw it is necessary to rehearse his argument In the third argument Socrates wants to refute Thrasymachus statement that unjust men are happier than just men 344a To doing so he explains how he believes people ought to live 352d Socrates declares that the function of each thing is what it does better than anything else 353b and that each thing with a particular function also has a virtue 353b He then states that anything that has a function performs it well by means of its own peculiar virtue 353c Therefore the function
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