scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,967
Learning Theories Paper Learning is a central focus in todays society Education is becoming more and more important as each year passes due to economic advances Every child learns differently and it is the teachers responsibility to figure out how each individual child learns The five different approaches to learning are Behavioral Social Cognitive Information Processing Constructivist and Brain-based The first approach to learning is the behavioral approach For the behaviorist behavior is everything that we do that can be directly observed a child creating a poster a teacher smiling at a child one student picking on another student and so on Santrock 238 The behavioral approach emphasizes on experiences especially reinforcement and punishment as determinants of learning and behavior Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to connect or associate stimuli Santrock 240 Generalization in classical conditioning is the tendency of a new stimulus similar to the original stimulus to produce a similar response notes For example a child is taught to raise his hand in the first grade to speak out loud in class so when that child gets to second grade he will know how to raise his hand before speaking because of generalization When a person responds to certain stimuli but not to others it is called discrimination An example would be if I were to pay attention in Sociology and not in History Extinction is the weakening of a response by removing a reinforcer For example if I were to stop asking questions in class because the teacher stopped calling on 2 me Operant conditioning is a form of learning in which the consequences of behavior produce changes in the probability that a behavior will occur punishment is a consequence that decreases the probability that a behavior will occur In positive reinforcement a behavior increases because it is followed by a rewarding stimulus on the other hand in negative reinforcement a
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA