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Throughout the world there are many churches cathedrals and basilicas however of these the best known are most likely the cathedrals The word cathedral comes from the Latin cathedra which means chair This is because cathedrals are churches that hold the chair of the Bishop England houses some of the most famous wondrous cathedrals ever built Durham cathedral is located in Durham County England See Appendix A The Cathedral exceeds all other sacred edifices in England in the beauty of its situation and although not so large as others its magnificence is surpassed by none Durham cathedral occupies the summit of a lofty peninsula enclosed by the river Wear which at that point makes so sweeping a curve that the promontory is almost an island The elevated tableland thus formed is bordered by steep rocks and beautifully wooded slopes extending to the margin of the river See Appendix F This singular position adds greatly to the striking effect and grandeur of its general appearance History Topography and Directory of Durham Whellan London 1894 During the cathedrals construction Durham was one of the most important northern outposts of the Normans who had begun construction on the cathedral shortly after their victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 The Norman prince bishop William St Carileph who had been exiled to France for some time razed the older Anglo-Saxon church upon his return to Durham in 1092 to make way for the building of the cathedral that stands today The cathedral itself was built fairly quickly Construction began in 1093 and was completed in large part as Bishop William had planned it by 1133 with the two western towers added in 1217-1222 When Richard le Poore former Bishop of Salisbury became Bishop of Durham in 1228 the east chapel was in bad shape so he began the construction that replaced it with the present Chapel of Nine Alters See Appendix B By the time
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