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Word Count: 1,658
The interpretation of language in the form of speech or written texts is a particular case of interpretation of world and life in general Once a written text is available it can be considered apart of the circumstances and actual situation at the time of writing as a result many critics start to establish a relationship between literature and history which goes along with their believe of the importance of material heritage to the study of history and culture New historicism is anew theory that began at the beginning of the 1980it can be defined as the conjunction of a number of prior discourses or ways of speaking about literature and language and not by inspiration of any single individual The name most often associated with New Historicism is Stephen Greenblatt a critic of Renaissance literature he is an English professor and the progenitor of the new historicism theory Greenblatt published his selection of Renaissance essays which constituted anew historicism it was the first period to generate lots of New Historicist criticism It has since become important in criticism of Medieval and nineteenth century British and American literature and is working its way through criticism of modernist literature and eighteenth century literature He aims to make connections between Shakespeares plays and the political atmosphere in Elizabethan England for example or between his own theory and the intellectual atmosphere during the 1970s and 1980s He studied the historical background for any works of literature to deepen his understandings of these works and help guard against misunderstandings of the intentions of their authors The circumstances which have most influence on the happiness of mankind the changes of manners and morals the transition of communities from poverty to wealth from knowledge to ignorance from ferocity to humanity - these are for the most part noiseless revolutions Their progress is rarely indicated by what historians are pleased to call important events They are not achieved by armies
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