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Historical Cultural And Spiritual Overviews Land Of Lost Tribes And Languages Few people who follow the torturous exploits of the Portuguese who circumnavigated the globe half a millennium ago ever reach The Molucca Islands tucked away in the Indonesian archipelago These islands reached by Jorge de Menses in 1526 are still largely unknown even to geography-literate people in the West De Menses landed on the shores of Wageo island which he promptly named Papuwah later to become Papua which is a Malay word meaning fuzzy or frizzled Hair Nueva Guinea was the nickname given the island by Inigo Ortiz de Retes in 1545 because of the striking resemblance of the fuzzy headed natives to those of the African colony of Guinea Consequently this newly discovered territory of Guinea-like warriors became known as New Guinea On July 1 1971 four years prior to their actual independence the eastern half of the island officially became recognized as Papua New Guinea Geography And Climate Fiercely rugged is the island of New Guinea The north is divided from the south by massive mountain ranges whose razor edge ridges and jagged peaks protrude as a spiny backbone throughout the length of the island Towering Alps of more than 14000 feet are separated by deep jungle ravines and cavernous gorges that explode with rivers swollen by tropical rains Coral reefs visible through the pristine aqua blue water inhabit the lagoons Endless acres of coconut groves are interspersed with miles of virginal jungle rain forests expansive grasslands savanna swamps and mist-shrouded mountain ranges Wisps of smoke from widely scattered villages fill the skies in every direction from trail to horizon Rough mountainous terrain is the prevalent physical feature of this defiant land Only the trans-Fly flatlands in the Western Province are without mountainous countryside It is said that there is no word for mountain in the language of the local people However apart from this one flatlands region mountains dominate the
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