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The March edition of the Journal of Psychology describes how peer or demographic variables in birth order number of siblings and education level and family structure affect the loneliness level of adolescents through a survey conducted on 756 Turkish high school students The research hypothesizes that peer demographic and family variables are significant predictors of adolescent loneliness The result shows that peer relation is the most important predictor for loneliness level and peer intimacy peer pressure and influence are significantly correlated with loneliness among peer variables Other research is used to support this finding peer influence in terms of peer acceptance and rejection is also correlated with loneliness Rotenberg Bartley 1997Sletta et al 1996 and the variables such like personal characteristics cognitive skills or social behaviors contribute to this phenomenon Conger 1991 Adolescents are more likely to be accepted by their peers when they are cheerful humorous willing to self-disclosure Those lacking these similar characteristics are likely to be neglected by peers and they become isolated and are more likely exposed to potential loneliness One important point about self-disclosure which needs to be further investigated shows that lonely individuals have tendency to over disclose or underdisclose Solano Batten Parish 1982 Lastly lack of intimacy in peer relation is the main cause to adolescent loneliness Family structure is the second strong predictor for adolescent loneliness and the communication is the only family variable correlated with loneliness In addition demographic variables contribute not significantly but affect indirectly to the loneliness level For example the research finds that sibling bond is an important predictor of loneliness Ponzetti James 1997 Even though this research finding does not surprise me with any unprecedented variable contributing to loneliness level it makes me think about the relationship between peer and family factors in development of adolescent loneliness Then I ask myself under which condition Ill become more lonely- living without intimate peer relation Or living without a well-functioned family I feel
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